In collaboration with Herbert Smith Freehills and The Boston Consulting Group, Global Counsel has co-authored a paper looking at the impact of Brexit on the energy sector in the UK and the EU. The paper identifies key energy and climate change policy implications as well as highlighting the role of business in shaping post-Brexit outcomes for the sector.
Following the General Election, the nature of the future UK-EU relationship remains uncertain. However, for the energy sector, our collective analysis demonstrates that, under Brexit, the status quo of remaining in the internal energy market is highly unlikely. The challenge for the sector is to understand and adapt to what comes next.
As a result of UK political commitments to leave the jurisdiction of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) and to impose greater controls on immigration, the UK now looks set to leave the single market, and as a result, the internal energy market. The economic and commercial incentives to sustain, and potentially increase, energy market integration through physical electricity and gas interconnection are strong for both the UK and EU. However, policymakers will now have to find ways to do so which are politically acceptable to both sides, but governed by new institutional arrangements.
Beyond the physical integration of energy markets, Brexit raises significant questions for the UK. How will the UK source, and trade in, nuclear materials outside of the Euratom treaty? How will the UK approach security of gas supply as an EU ‘third country’? And how will the UK price carbon emissions once, as seems likely, it leaves the EU-ETS?
For the EU27 too there are significant implications. The UK’s imminent departure will influence the future direction of EU policy in areas from nuclear energy to shale gas to international climate negotiations. The situation now facing the Irish cross-border Single Electricity Market is exceptional in its complexity.
This report is designed to help business leaders understand the range of Brexit impacts on the energy sector, and in doing so, prepare to take advantage of the opportunities which may arise, as well as mitigate the risks.
But it also aims to help businesses understand the role they may play in shaping the outcome of the Brexit negotiations. Ensuring that business retains a strong voice will be critical in ensuring that the outcome of negotiations is beneficial for both the EU and the UK.